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Kamailio SIP权威安装基础教程

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Kamailio是一个开源的SIP服务器项目,基于GPL授权,它以处理性能见长,每秒钟能处理上千个并发呼叫,本文描述Kamailio的安装配置过程,安装环境为6.0;

 
1.编译安装Kamailio
 
下载Kamailio源码
# cd ~
# wget
# tar zxvf kamailio-3.3.2_src.tar.gz
# cd kamailio-3.3.2
# make FLAVOUR=kamailio cfg
 
用自己熟悉的编辑工具打开"modules.lst"文件,找到"exclude_modules"变量,删除db_mysql字段(这里可以根据自己的需要调整编译的模块)。然后编译:
# make all
# make install
 
缺省情况下,Kamailio的可执行文件安装在"/usr/local/sbin"路径下,配置文件安装在"/usr/local/etc/kamailio"路径下。
几个可执行文件功能如下:
kamailio - Kamailio服务器的执行文件
kamdbctl - 创建和管理数据库的脚本
kamctl - 管理和控制Kamailio服务器的脚本
sercmd - CLI,一个命令行工具,访问提供Kamailio服务器的接口
 
2.配置 www.iplaypy.com
配置环境变量:
Kamailio的环境变量存储在/usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamctlrc文件中,安装时,就已经安装好模板文件了,只需要编辑一些简单的配置项即可。
 
# cat /usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamctlrc
# $Id$
#
# The Kamailio configuration file for the control tools.
#
# Here you can set variables used in the kamctl and kamdbctl setup
# scripts. Per default all variables here are commented out, the control tools
# will use their internal default values.

## your SIP domain
SIP_DOMAIN=kamailio.org

## chrooted directory
# $CHROOT_DIR="/path/to/chrooted/directory"

## database type: MYSQL, PGSQL, , DB_BERKELEY, or DBTEXT, by default none is loaded
# If you want to setup a database with kamdbctl, you must at least specify
# this parameter.
DBENGINE=MYSQL

## database host
DBHOST=localhost

## database name (for ORACLE this is TNS name)
DBNAME=openser

# database path used by dbtext or db_berkeley
# DB_PATH="/usr/local/etc/kamailio/dbtext"

## database read/write user
DBRWUSER=openser

## password for database read/write user
DBRWPW="openserrw"

## database read only user
# DBROUSER=openserro
DBROUSER=openserro

## password for database read only user
DBROPW=openserro

## database super user (for ORACLE this is 'scheme-creator' user)
DBROOTUSER="root"

# user name column
USERCOL="username"

# SQL definitions
# If you change this definitions here, then you must change them
# in db/schema/entities.xml too.
# FIXME

# FOREVER="2020-05-28 21:32:15"
# DEFAULT_ALIASES_EXPIRES=$FOREVER
# DEFAULT_Q="1.0"
# DEFAULT_CALLID="Default-Call-ID"
# DEFAULT_CSEQ="13"
# DEFAULT_LOCATION_EXPIRES=$FOREVER

# Program to calculate a message-digest fingerprint
# MD5="md5sum"

# awk tool
# AWK="awk"

# If you use a system with a grep and egrep that is not 100% gnu grep compatible,
# e.g. solaris, install the gnu grep (ggrep) and specify this below.
#
# grep tool
# GREP="grep"

# egrep tool
# EGREP="egrep"

# sed tool
# SED="sed"

# tail tool
# LAST_LINE="tail -n 1"

# expr tool
# EXPR="expr"

# Describe what additional tables to install. Valid values for the variables
# below are yes/no/ask. With ask (default) it will interactively ask the user
# for an answer, while yes/no allow for automated, unassisted installs.
#

# If to install tables for the modules in the EXTRA_MODULES variable.
# INSTALL_EXTRA_TABLES=ask

# If to install presence related tables.
# INSTALL_PRESENCE_TABLES=ask

# Define what module tables should be installed.
# If you use the postgres database and want to change the installed tables, then you
# must also adjust the STANDARD_TABLES or EXTRA_TABLES variable accordingly in the
# kamdbctl.base script.

# Kamailio standard modules
# STANDARD_MODULES="standard acc lcr domain group permissions registrar usrloc msilo
# alias_db uri_db speeddial avpops auth_db pdt dialog dispatcher
# dialplan"

# Kamailio extra modules
# EXTRA_MODULES="imc cpl siptrace domainpolicy carrierroute userblacklist htable purple"

## type of aliases used: DB - database aliases; UL - usrloc aliases
## - default: none
# ALIASES_TYPE="DB"

## control engine: FIFO or UNIXSOCK
## - default FIFO
# CTLENGINE="FIFO"

## path to FIFO file
# OSER_FIFO="FIFO"

## check ACL names; default on (1); off (0)
# VERIFY_ACL=1

## ACL names - if VERIFY_ACL is set, only the ACL names from below list
## are accepted
# ACL_GROUPS="local ld int voicemail free-pstn"

## verbose - debug purposes - default '0'
VERBOSE=1

## do (1) or don't (0) store plaintext passwords
## in the subscriber table - default '1'
# STORE_PLAINTEXT_PW=0

## OPENSER START Options
## PID file path - default is: /var/run/kamailio.pid
# PID_FILE=/var/run/kamailio.pid
PID_FILE=/var/run/kamailio.pid

## Extra start options - default is: not set
# example: start Kamailio with 64MB share memory: STARTOPTIONS="-m 64"
# STARTOPTIONS=

 

打开/usr/local/etc/kamailio/kamailio.cfg,添加下面几行(应该添加在"####### Defined Values #########"这一行之前):
 

......
#!define WITH_MYSQL
#!define WITH_AUTH
#!define WITH_USRLOCDB
#!define WITH_NAT
......

 

执行下面命令创建DB:

# /usr/local/sbin/kamdbctl create

3. 启动Kamailio服务

# /usr/local/sbin/kamctl start

4. 监视Kamailio

# /usr/local/sbin/kamctl moni


5. 添加用户帐号

# kamctl add 1000 1000

 

其中第一个1000为username;第二个1000为password,添加完毕后,配置你的SIP终端注册上来看看,祝你好运。


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