玩蛇网提供最新Python编程技术信息以及Python资源下载!
您现在的位置: 玩蛇网首页 > linux入门教程 > 正文内容

Linux下的Shell脚本优化操作示例

玩蛇网推荐图文教程:python 列表

本文是关于Linux下的Shell脚本优化操作教程。当我们在安装了一个新的Linux新系统时,一定要做的事情就是配置及优化各大种参数。在安装服务器操作系统时,都会是一般最小化安装的,因为在这样环境下也是最稳定的。

此脚本用于新装6.X的相关配置工作,比如禁掉iptable和SElinux及ipv6,优化系统内核,停掉一些没必要启动的系统服务等。
您也可以根据自己的实际需求,增加或者更改脚本里的内容,特别是在部署大量服务器的时候比较省事。

#!/bin/bash
# 2014.01.21
cat << EOF
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
|        === Welcome to CentOS System init ===                |
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
EOF
#set ntp
yum -y install ntp yum-plugin* nmap telnet lrzsz gcc
ntpdate time.windows.com
ntpdate 210.72.145.44
echo "* 3 * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate 210.72.145.44 > /dev/null 2>&1" >> /etc/crontab
service crond restart
#set ulimit
echo "ulimit -SHn 102400" >> /etc/rc.local
#set locale
#true > /etc/sysconfig/i18n
#cat >>/etc/sysconfig/i18n<<EOF
#LANG="zh_CN.GB18030"
#SUPPORTED="zh_CN.GB18030:zh_CN:zh:en_US.UTF-8:en_US:en"
#SYSFONT="latarcyrheb-sun16"
#EOF
#set sysctl
true > /etc/sysctl.conf
cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf << EOF
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
kernel.sysrq = 0
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 6000
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144
net.core.somaxconn = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1200
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65535
EOF


/sbin/sysctl -p
echo "sysctl set OK!!"
#close ctrl+alt+del for 5.x
#sed -i "s/ca::ctrlaltdel:\/sbin\/shutdown -t3 -r now/#ca::ctrlaltdel:\/sbin\/shutdown -t3 -r now/" /etc/inittab
#close ctrl+alt+del for 6.x
mv /etc/init/control-alt-delete.conf /etc/init/control-alt-delete.conf.bak
#set purview
chmod 600 /etc/passwd
chmod 600 /etc/shadow
chmod 600 /etc/group
chmod 600 /etc/gshadow
#disable ipv6
cat << EOF
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
|        === Welcome to Disable IPV6 ===                      |
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
EOF
#Disable IPv6 for 5.x
#echo "alias net-pf-10 off" >> /etc/modprobe.conf
#echo "alias ipv6 off" >> /etc/modprobe.conf
#Disable IPv6 for 6.x
echo "alias net-pf-10 off" >> /etc/modprobe.d/ECS.conf
echo "alias ipv6 off" >> /etc/modprobe.d/ECS.conf
/sbin/chkconfig --level 35 ip6tables off
echo "ipv6 is disabled!"
#disable selinux
sed -i '/SELINUX/s/enforcing/disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
echo "selinux is disabled,you must reboot!"
#vim
sed -i "8 s/^/alias vi='vim'/" /root/.bashrc
echo 'syntax on' > /root/.vimrc
#zh_cn
#sed -i -e 's/^LANG=.*/LANG="en"/'  /etc/sysconfig/i18n
#init_ssh
#ssh_cf="/etc/ssh/sshd_config"
#sed -i -e '74 s/^/#/' -i -e '76 s/^/#/' $ssh_cf
#sed -i "s/#Port 22/Port 65535/" $ssh_cf
#sed -i "s/#UseDNS yes/UseDNS no/" $ssh_cf
#client
#sed -i -e '44 s/^/#/' -i -e '48 s/^/#/' $ssh_cf
#service sshd restart
#echo "ssh is init is ok.............."
#chkser
#tunoff services
#--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
cat << EOF
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
|        === Welcome to Tunoff services ===                  |
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
EOF
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------


for i in `ls /etc/rc3.d/S*`
do
              CURSRV=`echo $i|cut -c 15-`
echo $CURSRV
case $CURSRV in
          crond | irqbalance | microcode_ctl | network | random | iptables | sshd | syslog | local )
      echo "Base services, Skip!"
      ;;
      *)
          echo "change $CURSRV to off"
          chkconfig --level 235 $CURSRV off
          service $CURSRV stop
      ;;
esac
done
echo "service is init is ok.............."

Linux下的Shell脚本优化操作示例供参考使用。

玩蛇网文章,转载请注明出处和文章网址:http://www.iplaypy.com/linux/l6996.html

相关文章 Recommend

玩蛇网Python互助QQ群,欢迎加入-->: 106381465 玩蛇网Python新手群
出炉日期:2017-01-05 09:52 玩蛇网 www.iplaypy.com

我要分享到:

必知PYTHON教程 Must Know PYTHON Tutorials

必知PYTHON模块 Must Know PYTHON Modules