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Linux系统下Java、Maven、Tomcat安装教程

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Linux系统下Java、Maven、Tomcat安装教程

1、安装Java(此处假定安装目录位/usr/local)

1)下载jdk(jdk-7),下载地址如下:

32位:http://download..com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u67-b01/jdk-7u67-linux-i586.tar.gz

64位:http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u67-b01/jdk-7u67-linux-x64.tar.gz

下载命令(以64位为例):

$ cd /usr/local
$ sudo wget http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u67-b01/jdk-7u67-linux-x64.tar.gz

2)解压到安装目录,使用如下命令:

$ cd /usr/local
$ sudo tar -xf jdk-7u67-linux-x64.tar.gz

3)配置环境变量,修改/etc/profile文件
 
$ sudo vim /etc/profile

在末尾添加如下内容:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jdk1.7.0_67 
export JRE_HOME=/usr/lib/jdk1.7.0_67 /jre 
export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JRE_HOME/lib:$CLASSPATH
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin:$PATH

执行如下命令:
 
$ source /etc/profile

输入java命令,看看是否生效,部分结果如下:
 
$ java
Usage: java [-options] class [args...]
          (to execute a class)
  or  java [-options] -jar jarfile [args...]
          (to execute a jar file)

where options include:
    -d32          use a 32-bit data model if available

    -d64          use a 64-bit data model if available
    -server  to select the "server" VM
                  The default VM is server.
                 
    -cp <class search path of directories and zip/jar files>
    -classpath <class search path of directories and zip/jar files>
                  A : separated list of directories, JAR archives,
                  and ZIP archives to search for class files.
    -D<name>=<value>

2、安装maven

1)下载,下载命令如下:

$ cd /usr/local
$ sudo wget http://apache.fayea.com/apache-mirror/maven/maven-3/3.2.2/binaries/apache-maven-3.2.2-bin.tar.gz

2)解压,命令如下:

$ cd /usr/local
$ sudo tar -xf apache-maven-3.2.2-bin.tar.gz

3)配置环境变量

$ sudo vim /etc/profile

在末尾添加如下内容:

export M2_HOME=/usr/local/apache-maven-3.2.2
export PATH=$PATH:$M2_HOME/bin

执行如下命令:

$ source /etc/profile

输入mvn --help命令,看看是否生效,部分结果如下:
 
mvn --help

usage: mvn [options] [<goal(s)>] [<phase(s)>]

Options:
 -am,--also-make                        If project list is specified, also
                                        build projects required by the
                                        list
 -amd,--also-make-dependents            If project list is specified, also
                                        build projects that depend on
                                        projects on the list
 -B,--batch-mode                        Run in non-interactive (batch)
                                        mode
 -C,--strict-checksums                  Fail the build if checksums don't
                                        match

3、安装tomcat


1)下载

$ cd /usr/local
$ sudo wget http://mirrors.cnnic.cn/apache/tomcat/tomcat-7/v7.0.55/bin/apache-tomcat-7.0.55.tar.gz

2)解压缩
 
$ cd /usr/local
$ sudo tar -xf apache-tomcat-7.0.55.tar.gz

3)配置环境变量

$ sudo vim /etc/profile

在末尾添加如下内容:

export export TOMCAT_HOME=/export/software/apache-tomcat-7.0.42
export PATH=$PATH:$TOMCAT_HOME/bin

执行如下命令:

$ cd /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55
$ bin/startup.sh
Using CATALINA_BASE:  /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55
Using CATALINA_HOME:  /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /usr/local/jdk1.7.0_67/jre
Using CLASSPATH:      /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55/bin/bootstrap.jar:/export/software/apache-tomcat-7.0.55/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.

此时,在浏览器打开http://localhost:8080,可以看到如下页面,表示启动成功。

Linux下Java、Maven、Tomcat的安装

可以执行如下命令关闭tomcat:

$ cd /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55 
$ bin/shutdown.sh 
Using CATALINA_BASE:  /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55 
Using CATALINA_HOME:  /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55 
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55/temp 
Using JRE_HOME:        /usr/local/jdk1.7.0_67/jre 
Using CLASSPATH:      /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.55/bin/bootstrap.jar:/export/software/apache-tomcat-7.0.55/bin/tomcat-juli.jar 

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